Whilst the Prague Jewish Quarter is for sure some of the fascinating and ambitious portions of Prague to seek advice from, it has additionally unfortunately observed greater than its justifiable share of attempting instances and tragic occasions. As soon as the most important Jewish ghetto in Europe, the Jewish Quarter is now common among vacationers as it holds lots of Prague’s vital points of interest and points of interest.
In Prague’s Jewish Quarter synagogues and impressive structures lie side-by-side with statues and cemeteries, and historical past is in all places you glance. It’s indubitably value visiting when you’ve got the risk, so let’s check out one of the best points of interest you’ll be able to be expecting to look in Prague’s Jewish Quarter.
Prague Jewish Quarter Historical past
Mendacity in between the busy Previous The town sq. and the scenic Vltava River, the Prague Jewish Quarter has been round for a long time. The primary point out of a Jewish District dates again to 1096. It’s believed that Jews first got here to are living right here when they have been banned from residing somewhere else and confronted persecution in many nations.
In 1215, a legislation used to be handed which forbid Jews to are living among Christians, in order that they have been compelled to are living in a walled ghetto. Over 100 years later in 1389, 1,500 Jews have been killed on Easter Sunday. Extra massacres happened within the 15th and 16th centuries, as they confronted terrible repression and loyal persecution. This persisted till 1850 when the Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II emancipated the Jews and gave them equivalent rights to the remainder of the electorate of the rustic.
The Prague Jewish Quarter – which had in the past been referred to as the ‘Jewish Ghetto’ or ‘Jewish The town’ – used to be then named Josefstadt within the emperor’s honor. As they may now are living out of doors the quarter, most of the population moved out, with simplest the deficient and Orthodox Jews staying.
Whilst the quarter remains to be very spectacular to stroll round nowadays, maximum of it used to be destroyed between 1893 and 1913, as town planners attempted to make Prague glance extra like Paris. The realm suffered but extra harm all through International Battle II. Tragically, maximum of Prague’s Jews have been deported to focus camps all through the Holocaust, and Josefstadt used to be left nearly abandoned.
Its stunning synagogues and lovely ceremonial corridor have been preserved, alternatively, as Hitler horrifically sought after to create a ‘Museum for an Extinct Race’ within the former ghetto after the warfare. If truth be told, the Nazis in truth transported and saved many Jewish artifacts from throughout Europe in Prague’s Jewish Quarter; plenty of those can these days be considered within the incredible Jewish Museum.
After the warfare, existence slowly returned to the quarter, despite the fact that much less and no more other people are living within the house with each and every passing 12 months. To begin with, this used to be as a result of many Jews immigrated to Israel within the 50s. Since then companies were shifting into the world with higher tourism to Prague, however the Prague Jewish Quarter additionally noticed other people shifting out of the world in recent years.
There may be nonetheless a small but thriving Jewish neighborhood within the town. Along with the folk, the Prague Jewish Quarter is house to quite a lot of fascinating ancient and non secular websites which were neatly preserved.
The way to get to the Prague Jewish Quarter
You’ll be able to simply stroll to Prague’s Jewish Quarter on foot from the Previous The town. In case you are coming from different portions of the town, chances are you’ll wish to take a bus, metro, or tram to get to the world. It’s neatly serviced by means of all 3. The title of the prevent you wish to have to go to is Staromestska. From right here, it is only a brief stroll to the entire primary points of interest within the Prague Jewish Quarter.
- Metro station: Staromestska (line A)
- Tram prevent: Staromestska (trams 2, 14, 17, 18, 93)
- Buses: Staromestska (194 and 207)
Issues to look in Prague’s Jewish Quarter
Prague’s Jewish Quarter is stuffed with interesting ancient and non secular websites so that you can seek advice from, listed here are a few of our favorites.
1. Previous Jewish Cemetery
Surrounded by means of synagogues, the Previous Jewish Cemetery is an engaging position to seek advice from. Remarkably, greater than 12,00zero gravestones are filled into the small house. One of the crucial biggest Jewish cemeteries on the earth, it used to be used between the 15th and 18th centuries, and there are a lot of well-known citizens buried inside it.
Amongst them are David Oppenheim – the previous leader Rabbi of Prague – and Rabbi Loew of the well-known Golem legend. Most of the graves have other ‘layers’ to them, as as much as 12 graves have been positioned one on best of the opposite to avoid wasting house within the tiny cemetery.
Consistent with Jewish ideals, the stays of an individual will have to now not be moved. So as a substitute of relocating out in their landlocked house – they have been compelled to move vertically. That is a real cemetery and whilst you seek advice from please act accordingly – be respectful.
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2. Spanish Synagogue
Gorgeous to behold, the Spanish Synagogue is in-built a stupendous Moorish Revival taste and is the closing synagogue to were constructed within the quarter. Courting again to 1868, it’s broadly considered some of the stunning synagogues in Europe.
Whilst you’ll be able to seek advice from the Spanish Synagogue as a part of a excursion or common seek advice from, it incessantly hosts classical track concert events. It’s neatly value attending any such when you’ve got the risk!
- Cope with: Vězeňská 1, 110 00 Staré Město, Czechia
- Hours: Open day by day nine am – 6pm (summer season hours) and nine am – 430 pm (wintry weather hours) aside from Saturday & Jewish vacations
- Excursions: Integrated within the following Prague Jewish Quarter Excursions
- Jewish Museum in Prague Excursion
- Prague Jewish The town Excursions
three. Jewish Museum in Prague
The Jewish Museum truly is a must-see when in Prague; its pleasant exhibitions are positioned in numerous establishments during the quarter. Paying to go into the museum beneficial properties you get right of entry to to 4 of the traditional synagogues, in addition to the Ceremonial Corridor and Previous Jewish Cemetery.
As well as, it additionally has its personal gallery, library, and academic heart, the place quite a lot of cultural occasions are hosted over the 12 months. As such, it truly is an engaging position to seek advice from, and also you’ll come away having discovered so much about Prague’s wealthy Jewish heritage and tradition.
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four. Previous-New Synagogue
The oldest synagogue in Prague, the Previous-New Synagogue remains to be in use nowadays and used to be constructed the entire long ago in 1270. The Gothic taste development seems love it is froma a time long gone by means of, and that’s as a result of it’s. There’s a very medieval really feel about it when you input and spot its vaulted internal and naves.
Aside from the Golem within the attic, of specific hobby is the golden banner that lies at one finish of the synagogue. This used to be awarded to Prague’s Jewish Neighborhood within the 1600s by means of the Holy Roman Emperor as thank you for his or her lend a hand in protecting the town all through the Thirty Years’ Battle.
five. The Jewish Quarter Synagogues (five in general)
Aside from the 2 synagogues discussed above, the Prague Jewish Quarter has some other 3 for you to take a look at; they each and every have their very own distinctive feel and look. As they’re all inside strolling distance, it’s indubitably value taking a brief go back and forth across the quarter to seek advice from each and every of them when in Prague.
The most important of those is the Klausen Synagogue, which dates to 1694 and lies only a stone’s throw clear of Maisel Synagogue. Probably the most well-known is the fantastic Pinkas Synagogue; in-built 1535, it has a shifting memorial to the sufferers of the Holocaust within it.
6. Franz Kafka Monument
Mendacity proper in entrance of the Spanish Synagogue, the Franz Kafka Monument is a gorgeous statue that used to be erected to commemorate the well-known author who used to be born and grew up in Prague. It is vitally unique to behold, because the statue displays Kafka sitting at the shoulders of a headless determine. This design used to be impressed by means of his brief tale – Description of a Combat.
In every single place you pass within the town, you’ll see mentions of Franz Kafka – he’s probably the most well-known author to return from Prague.
7. Paris Side road (Pařížská)
Coated with stunning structures, the sublime Paris Side road runs throughout the middle of the Prague Jewish Quarter. You’ll to find a variety of fancy retail outlets, upmarket eating places, and stylish cafes right here. There are loads of top-end dressmaker and style retail outlets right here, so just right success passing by means of with out purchasing anything else! A pleasing option to see the road and the quarter, generally, is to take a horse and carriage journey across the house.
eight. Ceremonial Corridor (Obradni Sin)
Positioned proper at the fringe of the Previous Jewish Cemetery, the pleasant Ceremonial Corridor seems as though out of a fairytale with its pretty Neo-Romanesque structure. As soon as upon a time, it used to be used as a spot to ritually wash the useless, despite the fact that these days, it hosts an everlasting exhibition at the apply.
You’ll be able to seek advice from the Ceremonial Corridor as a part of a excursion or by means of buying a price ticket to the Jewish Museum.
- Cope with: U Starého hřbitova 243/3A, 110 00 Josefov, Czechia
- Hours: Open day by day nine am – 6 pm (summer season hours) and nine am – 430 pm (wintry weather hours) aside from Saturday & Jewish vacations
- Integrated within the Jewish Museum in Prague Excursion & Prague Jewish The town Excursion (costs above in #2)
nine. Jewish The town Corridor (Židovská Radnice)
As soon as utilized by the Jewish Neighborhood to host conferences and occasions, the Jewish The town Corridor may be very great to have a look at with its Renaissance structure and Rococo façade, despite the fact that you’re now not recently authorised to move within.
The principle factor to look listed here are its two clocks – one that has Roman numerals on it and the opposite, Hebrew numerals. Inbuilt 1586 by means of Mayor Mordechai Maisel, it is among the maximum spectacular non-religious Jewish structures within the quarter, as many of the neighborhood’s budget went to development synagogues. It’s because it used to be in synagogues that the neighborhood typically met, prayed, and socialized.
10. The Eating place on the Previous Synagogue
With its stunning Artwork Nouveau facade and wonderful, ornate decorations, the Eating place on the Previous Synagogue seems completely wonderful; you’ll to find it on the preferred Paris Side road. It has very unique structure and for sure is among the maximum spectacular structures within the Prague Jewish Quarter.
You’ll to find it proper subsequent to the Previous-New Synagogue. Along with the pretty design, the meals isn’t unhealthy both! Remember to learn our very best Prague meals to take a look at earlier than your go back and forth.
11. Museum of Alchemy (Speculum Alchemiae)
Ever sought after to learn to flip lead into gold?! Smartly, you would possibly not rather learn to do this on the Museum of Alchemy, however you’ll unquestionably come away having had a a laugh and fascinating time!
The 16th-century underground laboratory is stuffed with extraordinary vials and pots, in addition to a mummified crocodile. It used to be right here that alchemists attempted to create everlasting formative years and uncover the secrets and techniques of existence. The small museum is tucked away, hidden from sight within the Jewish Quarter, and makes for a a laugh position to forestall off at all through an afternoon of sightseeing.
Prague Jewish Quarter Excursions
An alternative choice for visiting the entire Jewish Quarter’s fabulous points of interest is to take a guided excursion. In addition to taking you round the entire superb synagogues and wonderful halls, you’ll additionally come away with a deeper figuring out and appreciation of the Jewish neighborhood’s historical past and customs.
When deciding which excursion to take, take a look at what’s all incorporated, as now not they all be offering access to the entire puts you prevent by means of.
Maximum Common Prague Jewish Quarter Excursions
Extra Jewish Websites In Prague
Whilst many of the Jewish Websites are understandably discovered within the Jewish Quarter, there are a selection of alternative fascinating Jewish websites scattered round Prague for you to take a look at. Let’s have a look!
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Mendacity proper in entrance of Prague primary railway station, the Jubilee Synagogue additionally is going by means of the title of Jerusalem Synagogue, as it’s positioned on Jerusalem Side road. The crimson brick Moorish Revival and Artwork Nouveau facade seems shocking, and the internal is much more breathtaking, so it’s indubitably value going within when you’ve got the time.
Inbuilt 1906, it used to be named Jubilee Synagogue to have fun and honor Emperor Josef I of Austria’s silver jubilee. All over the 2nd International Battle, it used to be some of the puts used to retailer Jewish artifacts that the Nazis stole from round Europe.
- Cope with: Jeruzalémská 1310/7, Nové Město, 110 00 Praha 1, Czechia
- Hours: Sunday – Friday 10 am – five pm, closed Saturdays & Jewish Vacations
- Adults 100 CZK
- Kids beneath 15 and scholars 60 CZK
- Kids beneath 60
- Costs lowered with legitimate Previous-New Synagogue price ticket to 60 CZK adults & 40 CZK youngsters beneath 15
Previous Jewish Lawn
Positioned simply to the south of Prague’s Previous The town is the Previous Jewish Lawn, which as soon as lay out of doors the town partitions. Previously a cemetery, the lawn is now house to a big piece of recent artwork this is constituted of steel and displays Franz Kafka’s head slowly rotating. The artwork set up is rather spectacular, so is definitely value trying out when exploring the remainder of what the town has to supply.
Memorial of Nicholas Winton
In December 1938, Nicholas Winton visited Prague on vacation in a while after ‘Kristallnacht’ in Germany had taken position. Understanding that the persecution of Jews used to be simplest going to extend, he organized for folks to join their youngsters to be taken to the relative protection of the United Kingdom.
Due to his efforts, 669 Jewish youngsters controlled to go away Czechoslovakia – which used to be invaded in a while after – and break out the horrors of the Holocaust. Tragically, the closing trainload of 250 youngsters used to be stopped at Prague railway station, they usually have been by no means heard from once more.
His shifting memorial at that exact same educate station is definitely value visiting when in Prague. It’s heartbreaking to behold, as his statue holds some of the misplaced youngsters in his hands.
Jewish Cemetery in Žižkov
The massive Jewish Cemetery in Zizkov is among the different primary Jewish websites out of doors of the Prague Jewish Quarter; greater than 40,00zero persons are buried right here. As there are many spectacular graves and tombstones to look, it’s now not a foul concept to move for a wander across the cemetery if you wish to break out from the busy town heart for a little bit.
Probably the most notable names buried this is Franz Kafka, and one of the tombs are very grand in look.
The Legend of the Golem of Prague
When wandering across the town, you’ll inevitably see photos or souvenirs that includes the Golem of Prague; this happened because of a well-liked legend. Consistent with Jewish folklore, within the 16th century, Rabbi Loew created a Golem (a statue delivered to existence) to give protection to the Jewish Ghetto from anti-Semitic assaults.
The Golem, alternatively, saved getting more potent and more potent, so every now and then, the Rabbi had to take away the ‘shem’ – a scroll with Hebrew incantations on it – that gave it existence.
At some point, Loew forgot to try this. Legend has it that the Golem went on a rampage of the streets of Prague, destroying issues because it went. The Rabbi sooner or later controlled to take away the shem and saved the Golem’s clay frame within the attic of the Previous-New Synagogue, simply in case they ever wanted it to give protection to them once more.
No hint of the Golem’s frame has ever been discovered, and a lot of myths and legends swirl round as to what took place to it.
A seek advice from to Prague’s Jewish Quarter is a should whilst visiting Prague. We are hoping we impressed you to incorporate this house so wealthy in historical past into your subsequent Prague itinerary.
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