With the tourism increase got here the increase of virtual platforms, which don’t agree to exertions rights – the employees don’t pay taxes, do not need social safety nor insurance coverage.
The identify given to this new fact is the sharing economic system. Ceaselessly, this can be a carrier supplied via a virtual platform, equivalent to Uber, Airbnb, Google or Amazon, firms which might be converting towns international. It is very important recall to mind the paradoxes created via those platforms.
The primary is expounded to algorithms. Yuval Noah Harari – writer of a number of best-sellers equivalent to “Sapiens: A Transient Historical past of Humanity” and “Homo Deus: A Transient Historical past of Day after today” – states in his newest e-book that human beings are complicated algorithms. We’re simply knowledge and we can go back to knowledge, “mud to mud”. The information that flow into in our brains and our bodies will also be hooked up to synthetic intelligence, permitting us to change into tremendous folks. A minimum of the commercial elite can change into superhuman, “meta-human”.
It might be partially showed via certainly one of Amazon employees’ mottos: “we’re human, don’t deal with us like robots”. This protest comes from the truth that Jeff Bezos’ corporate has studied each human motion to optimize its personnel, each step of its employees and their robots.
It’s now not about combating a employee from sitting down or going to the toilet, as incessantly occurs in retail outlets. It’s about defining the stairs they have got to take, when and the way to sit down, when and the best way to move to the toilet and devour. The result’s evident: a method of manufacturing the place employees bitch of serious rigidity within the place of work, force, and harassment, leading to critical well being issues.
Then, there’s the instance of the Human Cloud – versus cloud computing –, the place many of us paintings on computer systems of their properties, in several towns, in several nations, in an on-demand machine.
For instance, Mari Herunidue lives in Manila, Philippines, and gives consulting services and products for a pc corporate 15.000 km away; Pete Palma, from Spain, bids in a opposite public sale the cost of his translation paintings. In different phrases, whoever bids the bottom worth in line with phrase wins within the international public sale. The Cloud Human does now not have a task: they have got duties or tasks, portions of jobs minimize into items, identical to Ford did to production processes.
Some other paradox is expounded to knowledge. While you move to Amazon and purchase a e-book and a t-shirt, the set of rules learns about your own personal tastes, right away suggesting purchasing a shaver for a hipster beard. The similar is going for Uber, Airbnb and so forth.
After the second one acquire, and in line with your gender, age, Fb buddies, cell phone style, and GPS place, the set of rules is aware of greater than your circle of relatives about what you prefer. However, if we have now an trade that will depend on Large Knowledge and algorithms, why don’t we have now any details about its employees? What number of are there? Who’re they? What do they get? How outdated are they? Are they males? Are they girls?
And if we don’t know who they’re, if we don’t know what they earn, then we all know we don’t have the equipment to give protection to them from social hazards. We will’t offer protection to them in illness, maternity, unemployment, outdated age.
And we all know extra. We all know that, if we have no idea them, exertions regulation does now not follow to them, it does now not offer protection to them: the set of rules can fireplace an Uber motive force for a drop of their score. The time period is “disconnect”. And, when the state doesn’t know them, they don’t know every different both, which makes it tough for them to combat in combination and to constitute themselves as a unionized drive.
In Ecu nations, the placement is especially critical. There are maximum employees on virtual platforms. In line with a learn about via the Ecu Fee, round 12% of employees are on those platforms. Enlargement has stored tempo with tourism.
In different phrases, Uber, Airbnb, Google know the whole lot about those folks, they decide how a lot they earn, what their process is and the way they path their paintings. However the government don’t know those employees. Platforms don’t agree to exertions rights and employees don’t seem on team of workers maps, they don’t pay taxes, they don’t pay social safety, they don’t have insurance coverage, they’re algorithms. They’re employees within the cloud.